China's moon program

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Source: International Astronautical Congress, China

Some  manned  lunar  missions  and  the  launching  mode  are  introduced,  the  feature  of  manned  lunar  launching mode  is  summarized.  Several  flight  modes  are  presented,  including  Earth  Orbit  Rendezvous  and  Lunar  Orbit Rendezvous and so on. Based on this, the requirements of launch vehicle system are analyzed. In the end, a proposal is given, which is for manned lunar launching mode’s choice and accelerating the development of the heavy launch vehicle.



INTRODUCTION

The moon is the nearest and only natural satellite of the  earth,  where  is  rich  in  natural  resources,  and  the human  outpost  of  exploring  the  mysteries  of  the universe,  the  optimal  station  of  transferring  and expanding the living space into deep space. Meanwhile it has great value in economic, technology and military. With  the  development  of  space  technology,  human footstep  for  exploring  and  landing  on  the  moon  has never  stopped,  which  tide  has  appeared  twice  in  lunar exploration  and  manned  lunar.  Along  with  developing of  human  space  activities,  the  exploration  aim  is becoming  further  and  further,  but  the  moon  always  is the first aim. Research and analyse manned lunar flight mode,  put  forward  requirement  for  the  launch  vehicle system, has an important promotable effect and practical significance for manned lunar mission.


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